History& Significance of Translation
Translators or Translation services have proved their prominence even before the emergence of ‘industrialization’ and ‘internet-ization’. History marks the date of the first translated ‘clay tablets’ to about 2500 BCE, which contain the bilingual vocabularies in both Sumerian and Eblan languages.
The revolution happened with the translations of religious texts, particularly the bible’stranslation by Saint Jerome, around 4th century. sstingly this translation even led to the split of Christianity into two powerful groups of Roman Catholics and Protestants, due to the differences in the interpretations of translated passages.
Then comes the significant translations of literatures and other manuscripts, greatly contributed by Arabs, Indians and Chinese especially Buddhist monks. With the growth of industrialization, translators played an important role in promoting the trade and business among various nations.
Even now, several sectors are dependent on translation services like politics, health care, business, finance, legal system etc. If not for translators and translation services, globalization would have experienced a serious set-back, paving way for troubled relationships and regresses.
Types of Translations
True that, the standard and authenticity of the translated text, depends upon how it is interpreted. But do you know there is a separate service or segment of translators called interpreters? Now, to clear out the confusion, translation is generally referred to the textual translations, whereas interpretation or interpreters refer to the instant translation of words, used particularly during any conferences or foreign political meet-ups.
Translation services, significantly serves wide varieties of sectors and based on the nature of the sector or the content translated, classified as,
- Business translations
The translated content here is entirely business jargons, where it includes, business ads, business reports, company accounts, tender documents, business contracts etc. These crucial translations enhance the business and growth of the company and hence are highly vital for the organization’s success.
- Medical or Health care translations
This includes critical documents pertaining to medical or health care sector, and any mistranslations may lead to serious implications on person’s or society’s health factor. The critical documents might be medicine or drug labelling, medical handbooks, equipment manuals etc. Because of the seriousness involved, only a specialized translator would do justice to this service.
- Financial translations
This type of translation services is highly favored in stocks and commodities sectors, banking sectors, insurance sectors and investment sectors where the content for translation is anything financial.
- Legal translations
The most complicated form of translation services is the legal translations, where the target audience might involve people from various nations and groups particularly in case of political treaties or contracts and business legal documents. Only an expert or well experienced translator can do a meaningful translation in this critical scenario.
- General translations
These are the general purpose translations for any social or cultural activity, parties and personal reasons etc., that do not need any specialization.
These are the translations related to programming languages, tools, customized software etc.
- Literature translations
The interesting form of translation is the literature translation, which promotes the cultural harmony and exchange of beliefs among various nations. The translation work might include novels, religious books, mythological tales, literature works pertaining to specific language or culture etc.
Based on the medium of translation involved, there are two types of translations.
- Human Translation
Here the translator or interpreter is a human, who has command over the language and specialization in the translation domain.
- Machine translation
Also known as electronic or digital translation, this involves the support of various, specific, translation devices or computer software. This type of translation is gaining popularity because of its simplicity, accessibility and availability.
Thus, translation sector is an ever-booming business, where with proper knowledge and training, you can achieve success with unparalleled dedication. Also, in this technological era of globalization, connectivity is such a vital parameter, without which all these innovations deems meaningless.
Translators or Translation services are the ones who help to connect us beyond borders and differences!